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Science Sparks: Week 6 Invisible Ink!

Hello and welcome back to #ScienceSparks. This week we are playing detective (In special agent OSO style) and making secret messages. 




You can write messages or draw pictures to each other in secret ink and then make them appear to see what they say!

(Note: it does require heat to reveal the messages so they would need to be supervised if young!)

What you will need! 

  • Half a lemon
  • Water
  • Spoon
  • Bowl
  • Cotton bud
  • White paper
  • Hair Dryer




Method


1. Squeeze out the lemon into a bowl. Add just 2/3 drops of water to dilute. (this is just to make it clearer on the paper!) Your invisible is now ready. 





2. Take your invisible pen (your cotton bud) and dip into the ink. Write or draw your message.


Dip!

…and write!



BBis in his convict PJ’s because he is learning his Prison Break skills!

Mummy ran off to get some more paper and Daddy wanted a go.
BBtold Daddy not to touch because it was dangerous – only secret agents allowed! 





3. Leave to dry.


4. When you want to reveal your message, you need to apply a heat source. Either hold it near a lamp, iron it or place in the oven. (I found the oven worked best). You do need to watch it carefully to ensure the paper does not scorch. 





5. Admire your message! 







The Science Bit


Lemon juice is an organic substance that oxidizes (which means it reacts with oxygen) and turns brown when heated. Diluting the lemon juice in water just makes it harder to notice the invisible message on the paper. The invisible ink burns faster than the paper so it turns brown first! Other substances which work in the same way include orange juice, honey, milk, onion juice, vinegar and wine.


Go and see some more Science Sparks here!


Also look out for the science experiment competition we will be launching this week with a cool prize! 

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